India constitutes the largest part of the subcontinental land mass of
South Asia, an area it shares with six other countries, including Nepal,
Pakistan, and Bangladesh. It has highly variable landforms, that range
from torrid plains, tropical islands, and a parched desert to the highest
mountain range in the world.
India has a history going back thousands of years and a prehistory going
back hundreds of thousands of years.
India is home to several thousand ethnic groups, tribes, castes, and
The landscape is dotted with over half a million villages, and each region
has distinctive forms of domestic architecture and village layout. Holy
places of the various religions are usually within villages and towns,
but the numerous pilgrimage sites are not always located there.